Case 11: Reservations
The struggle for land and sovereignty has been an important theme in Native American history. In the aftermath of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, signed by President Andrew Jackson, the United States government forced sovereign Indian nations to give up their homelands and move to lands in the West. The removal of the Cherokee in 1838, along a route known as the "Trail of Tears," was one of the most brutal examples of this devastating policy.
[Andrew Jackson as The Great Father], lithograph. ca. 1835.
United States, Map Showing the Lands Assigned to Emigrant Indians West of Arkansas & Missouri. Washington: War Department, 1836.
This map from the James Thomas Papers shows lands allocated to Native American nations relocated from the eastern United States. It documents the forced relocation of many Native American groups to what would become Oklahoma.
Cherokee Phoenix & Indians’ Advocate. Vol. III, no. 51. New Echota: Saturday, June 4, 1831.
Languages: Cherokee (Tsalagi) and English.