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Further Reading


Appel, John and Selma. Pat-Riots to Patriots: American Irish in Caricature and Comic Art. East Lansing, Mich.: Michigan State University Press, 1990.

Banta, MarthaBarbaric Intercourse: Caricature and Culture of Conduct/, 1841–1936. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.

Benjamin, RogerOrientalist Aesthetics: Art, Colonialism, and French North Africa, 1880–1930. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.

Blair, SaraHarlem Crossroads: Black Writers and the Photograph in the Twentieth Century. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2007.

Boime, AlbertThe Art of Exclusion: Representing Blacks in the Nineteenth Century. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1990.

British MuseumCatalog of Political and Personal Satires. London: British Museum, 1870–1954. 10 vols.

Bunker, Gary L. “Antebellum Caricature and Woman’s Sphere.” Journal of Women’s History 32, no. 3 (1992): 6–43.

Childs, Elizabeth CDaumier and Exoticism: Satirizing the French and the Foreign. New York: Peter Lang, 2004.

Childs, Elizabeth C., and Michael Paul Driskel. “The Secret Agents of Satire: Daumier, Censorship, and the Image of the Exotic in Political Caricature, 1850-1860.” Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society for French History 17 (1990): 334–46.

Cook, James W. “Seeing the Visual in U.S. History.” Journal of American History 95, no. 2 (September 2008): 432–41.

Curtis, Lewis P., Jr. Apes and Angels: The Irishman in Victorian Caricature, Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press,1971.

Davidson, Nancy Reynolds. E.W. Clay: American Political Caricaturist of the Jacksonian Era. PhD. diss., The University of Michigan, 1980.

Dunbar, Erica ArmstrongA Fragile Freedom: African American Women and Emancipation in the Antebellum City. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008.

Emlen, Robert P. “‘Imagining America in 1834: Zuber’s Scenic Wallpaper Vués d’Amérique du Nord.’” Wìnterthur Portfolio 32, no. 2/3 (1997): 189–210.

Farwell, Beatrice, and Stuart KadisonCharged Image: French Lithographic Caricature 1816–1848. Santa Barbara Museum of Art, 1990.

Fowble, E. McSherry. Two Centuries of Prints in America. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1987.

Goldstein, Robert JustinCensorship of Political Caricature in Nineteenth-Century France. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1989.

Greenhill, Jennifer A. “Playing the Fool: David Claypoole Johnston and the Menial Labor of Caricature.” American Art 17, no. 3 (2003): 32–51.

Jobling, Paul. “Daumier’s Orang-Outaniana.” Print Quarterly [Great Britain] 104, no. 3 (1993): 231–46.

Jones, Martha SAll Bound Up Together: The Woman Question in African American Public Culture, 1830–1900. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

Kerr, DavidCaricature and French Political Culture 1830–1848: Charles Philipon and the Illustrated Press, New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Lapsansky, Emma Jones. “‘Since They Got Those Separate Churches’: Afro-Americans and Racism in Jacksonian Philadelphia.” American Quarterly 32, no. 1 (Spring 1980): 54–78.

Lapsansky, Phillip. “Graphic Discord: Abolitionist and Antiabolitionist Images.” In The Abolitionist Sisterhood: Women’s Political Culture in Antebellum America, edited by Jean F. Yellin and John C. Van Horne, 201–30. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1994.

Lemire, Elise VirginiaMiscegenation: Making Race in America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002.

Martin, Francis, Jr. “To Ignore is to Deny: E.W. Kemble’s Racial Caricature as Popular Art.”Journal of Popular Culture 40, no. 4 (2007): 655–82.

Morrison, Michael A., and James Brewer StewartRace and the Early Republic: Racial Consciousness and Nation-Building in the Early Republic, Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999.

Murrell, WilliamA History of American Graphic Humor, Vol. 1. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1933.

Nash, Gary BFirst City: Philadelphia and the Forging of Historical Memory. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002.

Otter, SamuelPhiladelphia Stories: The Struggle Over Freedom and the Making of a National Literature. New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2010.

Piper, Adrian, Maurice Berger, and Jean FisherAdrian Piper: A Retrospective. Baltimore: Fine Arts Gallery, University of Baltimore County, 1999.

Reilly, Bernard F., JrAmerican Political Prints, 1766–1876: A Catalog of the Collections in the Library of Congress. Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall, 1991.

Shaw, Gwendolyn DuBois. Seeing the Unspeakable: The Art of Kara Walker. Durham: Duke University Press, 2004.

Shikes, Ralph EThe Indignant Eye: The Artist as Social Critic in Prints and Drawings from the Fifteenth Century to Picasso. Boston: Beacon Press, 1969.

Siegfried, Susan LThe Art of Louis-Léopold Boilly: Modern Life in Napoleonic France. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.

Smith, Shawn MichellePhotography on the Color Line: W.E.B. DuBois, Race, and Visual Culture. Durham: Duke University Press, 2004.

Wechsler, Judith. A Human Comedy: Physiognomy and Caricature in 19th Century Paris. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

West, Shearer. “The Construction of Racial Type: Caricature, Ethnography, and Jewish Physiognomy in Fin-de-Siecle Melodrama.” Nineteenth Century Theater 21, no. 1 (1993): 5–40.

West, Shearer. “Wilkes’s Squint: Synecdochic Physiognomy and Political Identity in Eighteenth-Century Print Culture.” Eighteenth Century Studies 33, no. 1 (1999): 65–84.

Winch, Julie. A Gentleman of Color: The Life of James Forten. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.