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Bennett, Lerone. 2000. Forced into Glory: Abraham Lincoln’s White Dream. Chicago: Johnson Pub. Co.

Berlin, Ira. 1985. The Destruction of Slavery.New York: Cambridge University Press.

———. 1992. Free at Last: A Documentary History of Slavery, Freedom, and the Civil War. New York: The New Press.

———. 1992. Slaves no More: Three Essays on Emancipation and the Civil War. New York: Cambridge University Press.

———. 1990. The Wartime Genesis of Free Labor: The Lower South. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Berlin, Ira, Joseph P. Reidy, and Leslie S. Rowland. 1982. The Black Military Experience. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Berlin, Ira and Leslie S. Rowland. 1997. Families and Freedom: A Documentary History of African-American Kinship in the Civil War Era. New York: The New Press.

Blair, William Alan and Karen Fisher Younger. 2009. “Lincoln’s Proclamation: Emancipation Reconsidered.” University of North Carolina Press.

Carnahan, Burrus M. 2007. Act of Justice: Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation and the Law of War. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Foner, Eric. 2010. The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. New York: W.W. Norton.

———. 2008. Our Lincoln: New Perspectives on Lincoln and His World. New York: W.W. Norton.

Fowles, Jib. 1994. “Stereography and the Standardization of Vision.” Journal of American Culture 17 (2): 89.

Franklin, John Hope. 1963. The Emancipation Proclamation. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday.

Glymph, Thavolia. 2012. “Noncombatant Military Laborers in the Civil War.” OAH Magazine of History 26 (2): 25-29.

Guelzo, Allen C. 2004. Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Hahn, Steven. 2009. The Political Worlds of Slavery and Freedom. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Holzer, Harold. 2012. Emancipating Lincoln: The Proclamation in Text, Context, and Memory. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

———. 2000. Lincoln Seen and Heard. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.

Holzer, Harold and Sara Vaughn Gabbard, eds., Lincoln Museum (Fort Wayne, Ind.). 2007. Lincoln and Freedom: Slavery, Emancipation, and the Thirteenth Amendment. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.

Holzer, Harold, Edna Greene Medford, and Frank J. Williams. 2006. The Emancipation Proclamation: Three Views (Social, Political, Iconographic). Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

Katz, Harry L. 2012. Civil War Sketch Book: Drawings from the Battlefront. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.

Klingaman, William K. 2001. Abraham Lincoln and the Road to Emancipation, 1861-1865. New York: Viking.

Magness, Phillip W. and Sebastian N. Page, 2011. Colonization After Emancipation Lincoln and the Movement for Black Resettlement. Columbia: University of Missouri Press.

Manning, Chandra. 2007. What this Cruel War was Over: Soldiers, Slavery, and the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Marten, James. 2009. “History in a Box: Milton Bradley’s Myriopticon.” Journal of the History of Childhood & Youth 2 (1): 5-7.

Masur, Louis P. 2012. Lincoln’s Hundred Days: The Emancipation Proclamation and the War for the Union. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Melish, Joanne Pope. 1998. Disowning Slavery: Gradual Emancipation and “Race” in New England, 1780-1860. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.

Oakes, James. 2012. Freedom National: The Destruction of Slavery in the United States, 1861-1865. New York: W.W. Norton.

Panzer, Mary, Jeana Kae Foley, National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution), Fogg Art Museum, and International Center of Photography. 1997. Mathew Brady and the Image of History. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press for the National Portrait Gallery.

Ray, Frederic E. and Alfred R. Waud. 1994. Our Special Artist: Alfred R. Waud’s Civil War. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books.

Smith, George Winston. 1948. “Broadsides for Freedom: Civil War Propaganda in New England.” New England Quarterly 21 (3): 291-312.

Vorenberg, Michael. 2001. Final Freedom: The Civil War, the Abolition of Slavery, and the Thirteenth Amendment. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Voss, Frederick S. 1988. “Adalbert Volck: The South’s Answer to Thomas Nast.” Smithsonian Studies in American Art 2 (3): 67-87.

Wallace, Maurice O. and Shawn Michelle Smith. 2012. Pictures and Progress: Early Photography and the Making of African American Identity. Durham: Duke University Press.

Wallis, Brian. 1995. “Black Bodies, White Science.” American Art 9 (2): 38.

Witt, John Fabian. 2012. Lincoln’s Code: The Laws of War in American History. New York: The New Press.

Wood, Peter H. 2010. Near Andersonville: Winslow Homer’s Civil War. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.